Here I am, O Allah, (in response to your call), here I am. Here I am, you have no partner, here I am. Indeed, all praise, grace and sovereignty belong to You. You have no partner. (Here I am, O Allah in Truth, here I am.)*
“Lebbeyk, Allahümme lebbeyk. Lebbeyke lâ Şerîke leke lebbeyk. İnne’l-hamde ve’n ni’mete leke ve’l-mülk, lâ Şerîke lek”
What are the obligations (fardh) of Umrah?
There are two obligations of umrah; Ihram and tawaf. Ihram is condition, tawaf is rukn.
What are the wajibs of Umrah?
There are two wajibs of umrah; Sa'i between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah, and cutting the hair.
Could you present some information about the “Ihram”?
In order to perform Umrah or Hajj, a Muslim either male or a female has to enter Ihram. Men's ihram consists of two white un-hemmed sheets (usually towelling material) that leaves some parts of his body naked, but woman's Ihram is to dress wearing something that completely conceals her, leaving only her face and hands revealed. Beyond covering some part of man’s body, Ihram also means concealing people’s inner world’s confidentiality.
When to wear ihram?
When the travel begins to Makkah with the intention to perform an umrah, ihram should be worn according to the travel directions before passing the miqat boundaries.
Do women wear ihram?
Unlike the male pilgrim, a female pilgrim is allowed to wear stitched/sewn clothes except gloves. Therefore, she is allowed to wear her normal and proper clothes as ihram.
Where are the miqat points?
There are various miqat points available to the pilgrims’ directions.
Most familiar points are;
- Dhu’l-Hulayfah is the miqat for those who approach Makkah from the direction of Madinah.
- Jurana, Tan’im and Hudaibiyah are the miqat points for those who stay in Makkah, and like to perform the umrah again.
- If the first destination is Makkah, ihram could be worn before the departure. Because, the miqat point has been passed during the flight.
"Indeed, as-Safa and al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah . So whoever makes Hajj to the House or performs 'umrah - there is no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good - then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing." (Baqarah,158)
Umrah for men
Every man can go to umrah at any age.
Umrah for women
It is a requirement of the Saudi government that a women must travel with a valid mahram (who are closer relatives forbidden to marry with her forever) i.e. father, son, brother, grandson, maternal or paternal uncle, grandfather, nephew, father-in-law and son-in-law.
The mountain is one of the most significant historic sites in Makkah. It contains Thawr cave where Allah's apostle (peace be upon him) and his companion, Al Sideeq, spent three days before fleeing persecution in Makkah towards Madinah. The mountain is at the southern end of Makkah, and rises about 760 meters above the sea level.
The place where Prophet Adam and mother Hawa met, Prophet Abraham learnt how to perform a Hajj from Jibril (angel Gabriel). Over there is the only single place that Allah forgives all our sins.
It is a valley situated between two mountains east of Makkah where the stoning ritual takes place.
The Mountain of Noor
The site where Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) received his first revelations from Allah through the angel Gabriel.
Is the place where a 10-year peace agreement, which would be taken as an example a political victory, was signed between the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), and disbelievers.
The Jannat al-Mu’alla Cemetery in Makkah is one of the two most famous graveyards in Islam. Many of the Prophet Mohammed’s (peace be upon him) ancestors are interred there. Those include Prophet Mohammed’s (peace be upon him) grandfather Abdulmuttalib, sons Qasim and Abd-Allah, as well as his first wife, Khadijah.
It is associated with Hajj. Staying at Muzdalifah is preceding by a day of Arafat, consisting of glorifying Allah, repeating the supplication, repentance to Allah, and asking Him for forgiveness.
Birthplace of Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him)
The house in where Allah’s apostle (peace be upon him) was born is located in the backyard of Masjid al Haram. Currently, there is a museum but it's not open to visitors yet.
The place where Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) met with Jinn, when he was coming from Taif Safr, and taught them Islam. The time Surat Al-Jinn was revealed.
Al-Masjid Al Nabawi
Upon arrival in Madinah, one of the first things the Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) wished to do was build a mosque, and then the first mosque was built in Madinah. The mosque is the second largest mosque in the world and it is considered to be the second holiest site is Islam after al-Masjid al Haram.
Rawda al Mutahhara
The place between Prophet Mohammed’s (peace be upon him) tomb and his minbar acknowledged as one of the garden of edens.
It is the mosque where Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) was told to change the prayer direction (qibla).
Jannat al-Baqi Cemetery
Many of the Prophet Mohammed’s (peace be upon him) ancestors are interred at the cemetery. Those are Prophet Mohammed’s (peace be upon him) daughter Fatima, pioneering characters like Sa’d b. Ebu Vakkas and over 10.000 Sahabah.
It was the site of the second battle between Muslims and Mecca forces. Seventy of the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) companions (Allah bless them all), who were martyred there during the battle are buried there, led by Hamzah bin Abdul-Muttalib, the uncle of the Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), and the cemetery is still there.
Battle of Al-Khandaq Site
The site is important where a decisive battle was occurred between the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) small army and the infidels of Mecca who had invaded Madinah. The site includes seven mosques: Al-Fat’h Mosque, Abu Bakr Mosque, Salman Al-Farsi Mosque, Omar Al-Khattab Mosque, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and Fatima Mosque (Allah bless them all), Qiblatain Mosque.
Quba Mosque is the first mosque ever built in Islam. During Hijra, Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) last stayed there before he arrived at Madinah.
- Pair of Sleepers
- Shampoo and soap (preferably unscented)
- Hair brush or comb
- Strong luggage
- Luggage label
- Prescription medicine if needed
- Dua book
- Nail cutter