Why is the ritual of stoning the Devil performed in Mina?
Stoning the Devil is a wajib Hajj ritual that involves stoning the three pillars that represent the devil (shaytan in Arabic).The historical significance of the Jamarat ritual hails from Prophet Ibraheem when he was going to sacrifice Ismail and the Devil came and tried to seduce Ismail by explaining the situation. Thereupon, Ismail and Hajar threw stones to the devil to get rid of the temptation. Afterwards, it became one of the Hajj rukns.
Stoning the devil is the symbol which shows that pilgrims win their nafs against the Devil. That also means reject and destroy the devil’s temptations. Pilgrims wait until the day of Eid al-Adha (the 10th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah) to stone the devil. This ritual takes three days, and the Sunnah is staying overnight in Mina during this time. Those who do not perform the wajib ritual of stoning the devil have to sacrifice small cattle as a penalty.