What is the history of Muzdalifah?
After sunset on the ninth day of the of Dhu al-Hijjah, pilgrims travel to Muzdalifah.
Muzdalifah is located between Arafat and Mina. Muzdalifah stretches from the valley of Muhassar to the mountains of Ma’zamayn. Muzdalifah means approach in English.
During Hajj it is wajib to perform Maghrib and Isha together in Muzdalifah at Isha time. Wuquf of Muzdalifah is also wajib, and its time begins at midnight and ends at sunrise. If anyone spent even a little portion of their time in Muzdalifah, he/she would be absolved of this obligation. It is considered enough to spend the night and perform the wuquf at Muzdalifah. However, the Sunnah is performing wuquf after Fajr. Furthermore, there is no restriction on leaving Muzdalifah earlier due to the size of crowds and similar reasons.
There are some rules to perform valid Muzdalifah wuquf.
First, pilgirms should wear ihram.
Second, Arafat wuquf must be done.
The third rule is about the area of the wuquf. The wuquf should be performed inside the Muzdalifah area which means out of the valley of Muhassar, and the Sunnah is performing Muzdalifaf wuquf at Mash’arul Haram.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) stayed and performed the wuquf at the spot where the present Masjid Mash’arul Haram is currently (towards the Qibla side). Pilgrims perform the Maghrib (sunset) and the ‘Ishaa’ (night) prayers combined whereas the Isha prayer is shortened to 2 rakhs in Muzdalifah at Isha time.
At Muzdalifah, pilgrims collect 70 pebbles which will be thrown in the Stoning of the Devil ritual in Mina during the next 3 or 4 days. These pebbles can also be collected in the plain of Mina.
Pilgrims can recite the wuquf dua, takbir, talbiyah, salawatduring Muzdalifah wuquf or make dua about everything.